Certified Secure Programmer (Java)

Course#: BSSEC1002

About this Course

Course Type Course Code Duration
Software Security BSSEC1002 3 Days

Today, Java is embedded in more than 3 billion devices such as laptops, data centers, game consoles, super computers, mobile phones, smart cards, and many more. Java is widely adopted because of its platform and architecture independent characteristics that encourages developers and industry alike.

Why Attend this Course?

ECSP-Java is a comprehensive course that provides hands-on training covering Java security features, policies, strengths, and weaknesses. It helps developers understand how to write secure and robust Java applications and provides advanced knowledge in various aspects of secure Java development that can effectively prevent hostile and buggy code. The end result of security Java coding practices includes saving valuable effort, money, time, and possibly the reputation of organizations using Java Coded applications.

What Makes this Course Stand Apart?

* Candidate will learn how to handel to Java Security Features.
* Developers Understand how to write secure and robust Java Applications
* It Save valuable efforts, money, time and possibly the reputation of organizations using Java-coded application.

What you will Learn?

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

* Java security principles and secure coding practices
* Java Security Platform, Sandbox, JVM, Class loading, Bytecode verifier, Security Manager, security policies, and Java Security Framework
* Secure Software Development Lifecycle, threat modelling, software security frameworks, and secure software architectures
* Best practices and standards and guidelines for secure file input/output and serialization
* Java input validation techniques, validation errors, and best practices
* Java exceptions, erroneous behaviors, and the best practices to handle or avoid them
* Secure authentication and authorization processes
* Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS), its architecture, Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) Framework, and access permissions through Java Security Model
* Secure Java concurrency and session management that includes Java Memory Model, Java Thread Implementation methods, secure coding practices, and guidelines for handling threads, race conditions, and deadlocks
* Core security coding practices of Java Cryptography that includes Encryption, KeyGenerator, implementation of Cipher Class, Digital Signatures, Secret Keys, and key management
* Various Java application vulnerabilities such as Cross-Site Scripting (XSS), Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF), Directory Traversal vulnerability, HTTP Response Splitting attack, Parameter Manipulation, Injection Attacks and their countermeasures
* Coding, testing and review techniques and practices


The ECSP certification is intended for programmers who are responsible for designing and building secure Windows/Web based applications with Java. It is designed for developers who have Java development skills.


No prior knowledge of cryptography is assumed, and no mathematical skills beyond basic algebra are required.

Course Outline

Module 01: Introduction to Java Security
* Vulnerability Disclosure Growth by Year 2001-2011
* Impact of Vulnerabilities and Associated Costs
* Security Incidents: 2011
* Software Security Failure Costs
* Need for Secure Coding
* Java Security Overview
* Java Security Platform
* Java Virtual Machine (JVM)
* Class Loading
* Bytecode Verifier
* Class Files
* Security Manager
* Java Security Policy
* Java Security Framework

Module 02: Secure Software Development
* Why Secured Software Development is needed?
* Why Security Bugs in SDLC?
* Characteristics of a Secured Software
* Security Enhanced Software Development Life Cycle
* Software Security Framework
* Secure Architecture and Design
* Design Principles for Secure Software Development
* Guidelines for Designing Secure Software
* Threat Modeling
* Threat Modeling Approaches
* Web Application Model
* Threat Modeling Process
* SDL Threat Modeling Tool
* Secure Design Considerations
* Secure Java Patterns and Design Strategies
* Secure Java Coding Patterns
* Secure Code Patterns for Java Applications
* Secure Coding Guidelines
* System Quality Requirements Engineering
* System Quality Requirements Engineering Steps
* Software Security Testing
* Secure Code Review
* Step 1: Identify Security Code Review Objectives
* Step 2: Perform Preliminary Scan
* Step 3: Review Code for Security Issues
* Step 4: Review for Security Issues Unique to the Architecture
* Code Review
* Source Code Analysis Tools
* Advantages and Disadvantages of Static Code Analysis
* Advantages and Disadvantages of Dynamic Code Analysis
* LAPSE: Web Application Security Scanner for Java
* FindBugs: Find Bugs in Java Programs
* Coverity Static Analysis
* Coverity Dynamic Analysis
* Veracode Static Analysis Tool
* Source Code Analysis Tools For Java
* Fuzz Testing

Module 03: File Input/Output and Serialization

* File Input and Output in Java
* The java.io package
* Character and Byte Streams in Java
* Reader and Writer
* Input and Output Streams
* All File creations should Accompany Proper Access Privileges
* Handle File-related Errors cautiously
* All used Temporary Files should be removed before Program Termination
* Release Resources used in Program before its Termination
* Prevent exposing Buffers to Untrusted Code
* Multiple Buffered Wrappers should not be created on a single InputStream
* Capture Return Values from a method that reads a Byte or Character to an Int
* Avoid using write() Method for Integer Outputs ranging from 0 to 255
* Ensure Reading Array is fully filled when using read() Method to Write in another Array
* Raw Binary Data should not be read as Character Data
* Ensure little endian data is represented using read/write methods
* Ensure proper File Cleanup when a Program Terminates
* Ensure Sensitive Log Information is not Leaked outside a Trust Boundary
* File Input/Output Best Practices
* File Input and Output Guidelines
* Serialization
* Implementation Methods of Serialization
* Maintain Compatible Serialization Form
* Use Proper Signatures Methods
* Avoid Serializing Sensitive and Unencrypted Data
* Perform Security Manager Checks
* Avoid Serialization of Inner classes
* Maintain a copy of Private Mutable Components while Deserialization
* Avoid Calling Overridable Methods
* Prevent Memory or Resource Leaks
* Avoid Overwriting of Externalizable Objects
* Serialization Best Practices
* Secure Coding Guidelines in Serialization

Module 04: Input Validation
* Percentage of Web Applications Containing Input Validation Vulnerabilities
* Input Validation Pattern
* Validation and Security Issues
* Impact of Invalid Data Input
* Data Validation Techniques
* Whitelisting vs. Blacklisting
* Input Validation using Frameworks and APIs
* Regular Expressions
* Vulnerable and Secure Code for Regular Expressions
* Servlet Filters
* Struts Validator
* Struts Validation and Security
* Data Validation using Struts Validator
* Avoid Duplication of  Validation Forms
* Secure and Insecure Struts Validation Code
* Struts Validator Class
* Secure and Insecure Code for Struts Validator Class
* Enable the Struts Validator
* Secure and Insecure Struts Validator Code
* Check for Similar Number of Fields in Action Form and Validation Form
* Secure Code that Implements Similar Number of Fields in Action Form and Validation Form
* HTML Encoding
* Vulnerable and Secure Code for HTML Encoding
* Prepared Statement
* Vulnerable and Secure Code for Prepared Statement
* Stored Procedures
* Character Encoding
* Input Validation Errors
* Best Practices for Input Validation

Module 05: Error Handling and Logging
* Exception and Error Handling
* Example of an Exception
* Handling Exceptions in Java
* Exception Classes Hierarchy
* Exceptions and Threats
* Erroneous Exceptional Behaviors
* Do’s and Don’ts in Exception Handling
* Best Practices for Handling Exceptions in Java
* Logging in Java
* Example for Logging Exceptions
* Logging Levels
* Log4j and Java Logging API
* Java Logging using Log4j
* Vulnerabilities in Logging
* Logging:  Vulnerable Code and Secure Code
* Secured Practices in Logging

* Percentage of Web Applications Containing Authentication Vulnerabilities
* Percentage of Web Applications Containing Authorization Bypass Vulnerabilities
* Introduction to Authentication
* Java Container Authentication
* Authentication Mechanism Implementation
* Declarative vs Programmatic Authentication
* Declarative Security Implementation
* Programmatic Security Implementation
* Java EE Authentication Implementation Example
* Basic Authentication
* How to Implement Basic Authentication?
* Form-Based Authentication
* Form-Based Authentication Implementation
* Implementing Kerberos Based Authentication
* Secured Kerberos Implementation
* Configuring Tomcat User Authentication Setup
* Client Certificate Authentication in Apache Tomcat
* Client Certificate Authentication
* Certificate Generation with Keytool
* Implementing Encryption and Certificates in Client Application
* Authentication Weaknesses and Prevention
* Introduction to Authorization
* JEE Based Authorization
* Access Control Model
* Discretionary Access Control (DAC)
* Mandatory Access Control (MAC)
* Role-based Access Control (RBAC)
* Servlet Container
* Authorizing users by Servlets
* Securing Java Web Applications
* Session Management in Web Applications
* EJB Authorization Controls
* Common Mistakes

Module 07: Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS)
* Java Authentication and Authorization (JAAS)
* JAAS Features
* JAAS Architecture
* Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) Framework
* JAAS Classes
* JAAS Subject and Principal
* Authentication in JAAS
* Authorization in JAAS
* Subject Methods doAs() and doAsPrivileged()
* Impersonation in JAAS
* JAAS Permissions
* LoginContext in JAAS
* JAAS Configuration
* Locating JAAS Configuration File
* JAAS CallbackHandler and Callbacks
* Login to Standalone Application
* JAAS Client
* LoginModule Implementation in JAAS
* Phases in Login Process
* Java EE Application Architecture
* Java EE Servers as Code Hosts
* Tomcat Security Configuration
* Best Practices for Securing Tomcat
* Declaring Roles
* HTTP Authentication Schemes
* Securing EJBs

Module 04: Applications of Cryptography

Module 08: Java Concurrency and Session Management

* Percentage of Web Applications Containing a Session Management Vulnerability
* Java Concurrency/Multithreading
* Concurrency in Java
* Different States of a Thread
* Java Memory Model: Communication between Memory of the Threads and the Main Memory
* Creating a Thread
* Thread Implementation Methods
* Threads Pools with the Executor Framework
* Concurrency Issues
* Do not use Threads Directly
* Avoid calling Thread.run() Method directly
* Use Thread Pool instead of ThreadGroup
* Use notifyall() for Waiting Threads
* Call await() and wait() methods within a Loop
* Avoid using Thread.stop()
* Gracefully Degrade Service using Thread Pools
* Use Exception Handler in Thread Pool
* Avoid Overriding Thread-Safe Methods with the non Thread-Safe Methods
* Use this Reference with caution during Object Construction
* Avoid using Background Threads while Class Initialization
* Avoid Publishing Partially Initialized Objects
* Race Condition
* Secure and Insecure Race Condition Code
* Deadlock
* Avoid Synchronizing high level Concurrency Objects using Intrinsic Locks
* Avoid Synchronizing Collection View if the program can access Backing Collection
* Synchronize Access to Vulnerable Static fields prone to Modifications
* Avoid using an Instance Lock to Protect Shared Static Data
* Avoid multiple threads Request and Release Locks in Different Order
* Release Actively held Locks in Exceptional Conditions
* Ensure Programs do not Block Operations while Holding Lock
* Use appropriate Double Checked Locking Idiom forms
* Class Objects that are Returned by getClass() should not be Synchronized
* Synchronize Classes with private final lock Objects that Interact with Untrusted Code
* Objects that may be Reused should not be Synchronized
* Be Cautious while using Classes on Client Side that do not Stick to their Locking Strategy
* Deadlock Prevention Techniques
* Secured Practices for Handling Threads
* Session Management
* Session Tracking
* Session Tracking Methods
* Session Vulnerabilities
* Types of Session Hijacking Attacks
* Countermeasures for Session Hijacking
* Countermeasures for Session ID Protection
* Best Coding Practices for Session Management
* Checklist to Secure Credentials and Session IDs
* Guidelines for Secured Session Management

Module 09: Java Cryptography

* Percentage of Web Applications Containing Encryption Vulnerabilities
* Need for Java Cryptography
* Java Security with Cryptography
* Java Cryptography Architecture (JCA)
* Java Cryptography Extension (JCE)
* Attack Scenario: Inadequate/Weak Encryption
* Encryption: Symmetric and Asymmetric Key
* Encryption/Decryption Implementation Methods
* Secret Keys and Key Generator
* The Cipher Class
* Attack Scenario: Man-in-the-Middle Attack
* Digital Signatures
* The Signature Class
* The Signed Objects
* The Sealed Objects
* Insecure and Secure Code for Signed/Sealed Objects
* Digital Signature Tool: DigiSigner
* Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
* Java Secure Socket Extension (JSSE)
* SSL and Security
* Insecure HTTP Server Code
* Secure HTTP Server Code
* Attack Scenario: Poor Key Management
* Keys and Certificates
* Key Management System
* KeyStore
* Implementation Method of KeyStore Class
* KeyStore: Temporary Data Stores
* Secure Practices for Managing Temporary Data Stores
* KeyStore: Persistent Data Stores
* Key Management Tool: KeyTool
* Digital Certificates
* Certification Authorities
* Signing Jars
* Signing JAR Tool: Jarsigner
* Signed Code Sources

* Code Signing Tool: App Signing Tool
* Java Cryptography Tool: JCryp Tool
* Java Cryptography Tools
* Do’s and Don’ts in Java Cryptography
* Best Practices for Java Cryptography

Module 10: Java Application Vulnerabilities

* Average Number of Vulnerabilities Identified within a Web Application
* Computers reporting Exploits each quarter in 2011, by Targeted Platform or Technology
* Introduction to Java Application
* Java Application Vulnerabilities
* Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
* Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
* Directory Traversal
* HTTP Response Splitting
* Parameter Manipulation
* XML Injection
* SQL Injection
* Command Injection
* LDAP Injection
* XPATH Injection
* Injection Attacks Countermeasures

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